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Geography: Paper II; Civil Services (Main) Examination 2012

Courtesy: UPSC Official Website



Time Allowed: Three Hours            Maximum Marks: 300


Each question is printed both in Hindi and in English. Answers must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. No marks will be given for the answers written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.

Candidates should attempt Question Nos. 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section.

The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the question.

Illustrate your answers with suitable sketch-maps and diagrams, wherever considered required.

An outline map of India is attached to this question paper for answering Question No. 1. This map is to be carefully detached from the question paper and attached securely to the answer-book by the candidate.

Important      :   Whenever a Question is being attempted, all its parts/sub-parts must be attempted contiguously. This means that before moving on to the next Question to be attempted, candidates must finish attempting all parts/sub-parts of the previous Question attempted. This is to be strictly followed.

Pages left blank in the answers-book are to be clearly struck out in ink. Any answers that follow pages left blank may not be given credit.

Section ‘A’

1.    On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of ALL of the following for which one (1) mark is given to each correct entry.

Write in your answer script the significant geographical relevance or strategic importance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry. Three (3) marks are allotted for each write-up.                     4x15=60

(a)    Manas
(b)    Bachau
(c)    Ganga river waterway from Allahabad
(d)    Indarvati river
(e)    Amravati river
(f)    Pir Panjal range
(g)    Narkondam Island
(h)    Kharkai river
(i)    Kalahandi
(j)    Kakarapara
(k)    Murshidabad
(l)    Khetri
(m)    Pawapuri
(n)    Kolhan highland
(o)    North Koel river

2.          (a) Explain the structural characteristics of the Deccan plateau.    30

(b) Discuss the role of spatial pattern of rainfall and temperature in the delimitation of climatic regions of India, specially with reference to stamp’s climatic regionalization.    30

3.          (a) Delineate the mineral belts of India and mention their distinctive features.    30

(b) Divide India into agricultural regions and critically examine the role of ecological and human factors responsible for transformation of agricultural economy in any one region.    30

4. Write about the following in about 200 words each:

(a)    Describe the development of textile industry in India.    20
(b)    Examine the role of road transport in regional development taking suitable examples from an area you have studied in detail.    20        
(c)    Identify the spatial pattern of agro-industrial regions in India. Analyse the potentiality of Malwa as an important agro-industrial region of the future.    20

Section- ‘B’

5. Write about the following in about 150 words each:                                         12x5=60

(a)    Factors affecting innovation diffusion.
(b)    Linguistic diversity in North-eastern states.
(c)    Geographical reasons for the variation in literacy from state to state in India.
(d)    Identify Tsunami affected areas and give their management problems in India.
(e)    Morphological characteristics of villages situated in hilly regions.

6.          (a)Evaluate the population policy of India and examine its relevance to the nation’s population control.    30

(b) Give an account of geographical conditions responsible for the development of different types of rural settlements in India.    30                                                                                        

7.          (a) Examine the origin, dimensions and implications of the Sino-India border dispute.    30

(b) Explain the causes, impact and remedial measures of flood-hazards in the middle Ganga plain. Represent the flood-affected areas of middle Ganga plain on a sketch map in your answer-book.    30

8.    Write about the following in about 200 words each :

(a)    Examine the relevance of linage of rivers in India with special reference to Ganga-Cauveri linkage canal.    20
(b)    How age structure affects dependency ratio? Explain with suitable examples.    20
(c)    Elucidate the role of Tribal Development Blocks in the development of Tribal areas.    20

Last Update Monday 14th January 2013     

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